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 Through exploration, trade, and conquest, the nation-states of  Western Europe exploited the human and natural resources of West Africa and the Americas. Although some of the first Africans to arrive in North America were indentured servants, the status of Africans eventually changed to one of lifelong servitude. What caused this transformation?  Several reasons have been proposed, but the issue of race always appears high on the list.  Historians have debated as to whether slavery was a result of white racism, or whether racism was a result of slavery. 

In your opinion, which argument is most convincing?  Explain your position.

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